No. of Strings:
Musée des instruments de musique
Leon Depret, Nice, -1889; Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, Paris (d. 1875); Jean-Marie Raoul, Paris (d. 1837); Jean-Baptiste Bonaventure Roquefort, Paris (d. 1833)
Mackey 2019; Moens 1995, pp. 166-74; Exposition 1969, pp. 60-64
Iden 2022, pp. 15-17; Mackey 2020; Mackey 2019; Hoffmann 2018, p. 334; Moens 1995, pp. 166-74; Moens 1989, p. 45; Haine 1989, pp. 4, 104-05; Exposition 1969, pp. 60-64 (with bibliography); van der Straeten 1914, p. 288; van der Straeten 1909, p. 281; Mahillon 1900, 3:47; Coutagne 1893, pp. 37-39; Sandys & Forster 1864, 198
On museum’s website (FB+S [color]); Iden 2022 (front, back body only, C-hole, pegbox); Mackey 2020, pp. 50, 52 (back, neck heel [color]); Mackey 2019, passim (FB+S and many details [color]); Moens 1995, pp. 165, 167 (F+B); Haine 1989, pp. 5, 104-05 (back, head, plan); Bletschacher 1978, pp. 134-35 (F full, B body only, soundhole, plan details); Exposition 1969, pp. 56-63 (front 3/4, head 3/4, soundhole, plan details; Bragard 1968, pl. III.10 (head); Clemencic n.d., p. 51 (F+B); Jacquot 1912, facing p. xxiv (F+S, head side); van der Straeten 1909, facing p. 281 (F+B); Mahillon 1900, 3:47 (front)
Museum’s website date: 1801/1900, maker and place unknown. Mackey 2019: mostly by Collichon, except table (2-piece plus 4 wings, 2 central inserts, and 1 more near hookbar; crude chinoiserie decoration), pegbox (composite, with “exquisite” exterior carvings, originally for 5 strings but widened), and head (goat with glass eyes, mortise-and-tenon joint to pegbox). Back: map very similar to one by Sebastian Münster of Paris in 1530; St. Luke is reversed image of 1518 engraving by Agostino Veneziano. Through-neck construction with “slipper heel” similar to several Collichon viols; soundpost plate and hookbar also resemble his work; fingerboard a composite, similar to 1693 Collichon. Back seems to be 3-piece walnut, with pencil inscription “Cette Viole da Gambe faite par Duiffoprugcar à Paris en 1515 a appartenu à François premier. [...] 1830. J. B. Vuillaume”. Unknown who added the marquetry, or when. Dimensions 68.0, 31.1/22.3/38.0, -, -. Moens 1995: Attribution to Tieffenbrucker not taken seriously for some time. Table originally had F’s, now C’s. Pegbox old, but perhaps originally for 11 or more pegs; head probably much more recent (practically identical to HAGUE 11). Back and ribs plausibly from an 18th-C. French viol; inlay on back can’t be dated. Top block is kind known only from Mirecourt: instrument perhaps concocted by Vuillaume c. 1830? Haine 1989: “made up of pieces...dating from different periods...wishfully attributed” to Tieffenbrucker but dates in part from 17th C. Map almost identical to one in Bibliothèque nationale: is marquetry a 19th-C. fabrication? Exposition 1969: 1-piece back with multi-color marquetry: Paris city plan at bottom, St. Luke in middle, angel trumpeters at top; possibly from a larger instrument. Ribs probably not original. Table with extensive but later decoration of flowers, birds, pagodas; C’s recut, English style. Only 6 pegs originally, maybe even 5. Van der Straeten 1909: upper part of back “shows the Vision of Ezekiel after Raphael”; Paris map in BN dated 1564, and “the instrument dates from about the same time”; dimensions 70.0, 28.0/22.0/38.5, -, - (also in Coutagne 1893).