DHV:
748
Tourin ID:
RCM 5

1610 C

Treble

# of Strings:

(4(4)

Place Made:

GB,

Body Shape:

Violin

Current Location:

GB, London

Sound Holes:

C

Collection:

Royal College of Music

Head:

Scroll

Catalog Number:

184

Label Text:

[N]athaniel Cro[ss] (written on inside of table just above bridge)

Measurements:

Body Length:

42.6

String Length:

37.5

Rib Depth:

6.5

Upper Width:

Middle Width:

Bottom Width:

19.7

14

24.5

Previous Owner:

Duke of Saxe Coburg and Gotha (2nd son of Queen Victoria), -1895; “obtained in New Zealand”

Information Source:

Wells & Nobbs 2007, pp. 134-35; TGM visit 10/01; PT visit 9/78

Literature:

Photographs:

Recordings:

Auctions:

Comments:

Wells & Nobbs 2007, pp. 134-35; Mullen 2006, p. 24; Herzog 2003, GB-4; Hebbert 2003a; Topham 2003, p. 137; [Engel 1872, p. 13 (no. 151), according to Wells & Nobbs 2007]

Wells & Nobbs 2007, pp. 11 (FB+S [color]) and 134-35 (FB+S, bottom rib); Hebbert 2003a, p. 197 (FB+S [color]); [unpublished, from museum: FB+S]

Converted to a viola; Tourin listed as small tenor. Table probably 2-piece (with wider rings on treble side of each piece), with double purfling; C-holes completely above lower corners. 5-piece striped back (3 light, 2 dark) with double purfling (colors reversed when crossing dark stripes); ribs same as dark stripes, probably fruitwood. Back has lower-bout fold for playing on shoulder; inscription “[N]athaniel Cro[ss]”, said to be written on inside of table just above bridge (not seen), probably relates to this modification in 18th C. (Copenhagen D98, now with a viola d’amore neck, has same body outline and striped back with double fold, and also has signature of “Nathaniel Cross in Pickadilly near St. James Church London”.) No sign of a hookbar; plugged hole at original center of bottom block suggests it had a tailgut before modification. Topham 2003: youngest growth ring on bass side is 1516; treble side not datable. Wells & Nobbs 2007: 2-piece table, carved; ribs of “?plum”, back stripes are 3 maple, 2 “?plum”; corners unmitered; “neck and pegbox ... c. 1740 or later; neck angle ?early 19th century”; dimensions 42.4, 19.5/13.5/24.3, 6.8, 37.3.