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Viola da Gamba Society of America

Online Database of Historical Viols
Detail 

Size:

Violone

Place Made:

Maker:

D

Nuremberg

Ernst

Busch ?

Date:

16..

Label Text:

Body Shape:

Festoon

Current Location:

GB

No. of Strings:

6

Collection:

Private Collection

Sound Holes:

Flame

Catalog Number:

Head:

Scroll

Private Owner:

Yes

Previous Owner:

Francis Baines, London

Measurements:

Body Length:

079.0

String Length:

079.5

Rib Depth:

17.5

Upper Width:

43.2

Middle Width:

29.4

Bottom Width:

49.9

Information Source:

R. Eyland to TGM, 9/13; PT visit 6/77

Literature:

Photographs:

Selected publicity photos at www.fretwork.co.uk, seen 9/13: front [color]; [unpublished, in Heale Archive: front]

Recordings:

Auctions:

Comments:

2 dimples on each lower bout; ornaments at all 6 corners. Rosette; very long soundholes with only lower eyes. Heale wrote on back of photo: “Large bass viol (G?) / F. Baines 1989.” Probably Nuremberg origin. R. Eyland: seen and measured in 1978. Has been shortened by about 7 cm at top of body (purfling runs off edge on both front and back); scroll and pegbox seem original, but neck is newer. Back and ribs of bird’s-eye maple except one lower bout plain with painted birds-eyes (!), so probably a replacement. Double purfling on table, single on back, both with knot patterns. Length and widths are actual (not over arching); he gives his copies a SL of 87 cm. Rosette with eagle and soundholes similar to Hiltz bass at V+A (VIC 8), though those have been altered; floral decoration on sides of scroll resembles that on Busch instruments shown in a Strad article. (On website he says “Although unlabeled, this instrument is almost certainly the work of Ernst Busch of Nuremberg.”) (Busch active from 1622; died in 1648.)